Internet rules in Pakistan: Regulation or strangulation – published on July 11, 2020

By Muhammad Aftab Alam

Internet is nothing but a network of globally interconnected computers. This network operates in a multilayered system in which global, national, local and personal layers are strongly intertwined. While using Internet, a computer/cellphone connects itself with a local/national broadband or 3G/4G service provider, known as Internet Service Provider (ISP). In Pakistan, these ISPs are licensed by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) and are all linked with a government-run national Internet Exchange Point (IXP). At the global level, this IXP is connected with one or more of around 430 fiber-optic submarine cables. A limited satellite-based internet is also operational at present. Read more

Controversial Powers – Published on March 22, 2020

By Muhammad Aftab Alam 

The Supreme Court of Pakistan in ‘Government of Balochistan versus Azizullah Memon (PLD 1993 Supreme Court 341)’ brought a paradigm shift in executive and judicial functions in Pakistan. Though Article 175 (3) of the 1973 constitution required that “the judiciary shall be separated progressively from the executive within fourteen years from the commencement,” this separation could not practically happen despite expiry of the fourteen years in 1978. Hence, this three-member bench’s judgement reiterated the need for separation of the judiciary from the executive and laid down several fundamental principles and underpinnings thereof. Read more